WHAT IS NETWORK TOPOLOGY ?
Network topology is the schematic arrangement of nodes. Topologies are either physical or logical. The physical topology is actual layout of nodes where as logical topology represents nature of the paths the signals follow from node to node. These topology include all types of network e.g. Internet, Intranet etc. The network topologies consists of two types –
- General network topologies
- Fiber network topologoes
1. GENERAL NETWORK TOPOLOGIES :
A bus network is a network layout in which Nodes are connected in a daisy chain by a linear sequence of buses.
A star topology is a layout for a Local Area Network in which all nodes are individually connected to a central connection point, Which should be a hub or a switch .
A ring network is a network layout in which each node connects to exactly with two other nodes, forming a single continuous pathway for signals through each node – a ring.
A tree topology combines characteristics of linear bus and star topologies. It consists of groups of star-configured workstations connected to a linear bus backbone cable .
Hybrid topology is an integration of two or more different layout to form a resultant topology which has many advantages and disadvantages of all the constituent…
A mesh network is a network layout in which each node relays data for the network. All nodes cooperate in the distribution of data in the network.
In its easiest form, a peer-to-peer network is created when two or more PCs are connected and share resources without going through a separate server computer.
Client/server network is a computer network layout in which one centralized, the server is a hub to which many less powerful personal computers or clients are connected.
Wireless Ad Hoc Network is also known as WANET in short form. A wireless ad hoc network is a decentralized type of wireless network.
2. FIBER NETWORK TOPOLOGIES
Point-to-point topology is also known as p2p topology, Fibre Channel point-to-point and FC-P2P in short form. In this topology, two same ports of devices are connected directly to each other.
Arbitrated Loop topology is also known as AL topology, Fibre Channel Arbitrated Loop and FC-AL in short form. This technology can used to connect networks across large distances…
Switched Fabric topology is also known as SF topology, Fabric, Fibre Channel Switched Fabric and FC-SW in short form. In this topology, all devices are connected to Fibre Channel switches (usually crossbar switches).